Enjoin right even if those advised become angry
Q: A questioner from Al-Mujamma'ah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia asks: "When we try to stop the spread of Namimah (tale-bearing) and Ghibah (backbiting) among people, those whom we advise may insult us and become mad at us. Are we sinful for making them angry especially if they are parents? Should we prevent them or forget about matters that are not related to us? Please, advise us, may Allah reward you!
A: Enjoining right and forbidding wrong are of the most important acts of worship, as Allah (He may be Glorified) says:
The believers, men and women, are Auliyâ’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another; they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma‘rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islâm has forbidden)
So, Allah (He may be Glorified) explains in this Ayah that enjoining right and forbidding wrong are of the qualities of the believing men and women where
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:
You [true believers in Islâmic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) and his Sunnah] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin Al-Ma‘rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islâm has forbidden), and you believe in Allâh.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
Whoever, among you, sees something abominable should rectify it with his hand; and if he has not strength enough to do it, then he should do it with his tongue; and if he has not strength enough to do it, (even) then he should (abhor it) from his heart, and that is the least of Faith. Related by Muslim in his Sahih (book of authentic Hadiths)There are many Ayahs and Hadiths on the obligation of enjoining right and forbidding wrong that rebuke those who neglect this duty. It is obligatory upon you and upon every believing man and woman to enjoin right and forbid wrong. If those whom you invite to do so become angry or even insult you, then observing patience is obligatory in compliance with the act of the prophets (peace be upon them) and their following them in piety and righteousness.
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) addressed His Prophet (peace be upon him) saying:
Therefore be patient (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) as did the Messengers of strong will Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: and be patient. Surely, Allâh is with those who are As-Sâbirûn (the patient). Allah (He may be Glorified) says about Luqman Al-Hakim (Luqman the wise) that he said to his son: "O my son! Aqim-As-Salât (perform As-Salât), enjoin (on people) Al-Ma‘rûf - (Islâmic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allâh, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befalls you. Verily, these are some of the important commandments (ordered by Allâh with no exemption). There is no doubt that, reforming the society and preserving its integrity are achieved by following the instructions of Allah and then by enjoining right and forbidding wrong. The neglect of enjoining right and forbidding wrong is one of the greatest reasons for corrupting the society, tearing it apart, and exposing it to general punishment. It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: If acts of disobedience are done among any people and do not change them, Allah will soon punish them all.
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) warned His Servants against following the example of the children of Israel in His saying:
Those among the Children of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of Dâwûd (David) and ‘Isâ (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). That was because they disobeyed (Allâh and the Messengers) and were ever transgressing beyond bounds. Surah Al-Ma'idah, 5: 79
They used not to forbid one another from Al-Munkar (wrong, evil-doing, sins, polytheism, disbelief) which they committed. Vile indeed was what they used to do. We ask Allah to guide all Muslims, rulers and subjects, to do this duty in the best form, to reform their conditions, and protect all people from the causes of His Wrath, for He is the All-Hearing, the All-Respondent!
Sh.`Abdul `Aziz Bin `Abdullah Ibn Baz
The General Mufti of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
the Chairman of the Senior Scholars Committee and the Scholarly Research and Ifta' Department